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Communication Studies 311 - Argumentation (Hicks)

Peer-Review Process

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Understanding Science was developed by the University of California Museum of Paleontology in collaboration with its Advisory Boards.

Peer Reviewed Journals

These are types of periodicals that include original research articles written by researchers and experts in a particular academic discipline.

Peer-Reviewed or Refereed Journals

Many of the following traits indicate that an article is peer-reviewed:

  • Research from a professional field
  • Published by a professional organization or society
  • Articles typically long – charts, diagrams, notes, works cited
  • Numerous citations: these may appear in-text, and/or as footnotes, endnotes, works cited, reference list, bibliography
  • Author(s) easily identified
  • Reviewed or approved by an outside board of scholars in the field

Types of Research Articles

Review Articles - Compilation or synthesis of various ideas and data from original research
Summary Articles - Synopsis of research
Original Research - Data and ideas that come directly from the research. Typically organized by the following:

  • Abstract
  • Introduction/Background
  • Methods (Material and Methods)
  • Results
  • Discussion/Conclusions
  • References